Endocrinology is a branch of science that deals with the system formed by the internal glands. The internal glands are the name given to the organs that make hormone synthesis and secretion. Hormones secreted by the glands control various activities in the body. Hormone types carry out the usual process such as metabolism, growth, development, reproduction; they help provide the energy and nutrients the body needs.

What is pediatric endocrinology?
The answer to the question of what child Endocrinology looks at can be given as “examines the endocrinological problems of newborns, infants, children and young adolescents from the neonatal period to the age of 18.” A child’s healthy growth and development is only related to the timely and balanced release of several hormones. Numerous diseases related to structural or functional problems of all these glands, which make up the endocrine system and control countless important events in our body, are of interest to the science of Pediatric Endocrinology. “What is child endocrine?”it is a field of science that deals with hormonal disorders at every stage of childhood and teenage years.”

Growth and developmental delays early and delayed puberty, obesity, thyroid, diabetes, adrenal gland disorders, hypoglycemia, menstrual irregularities, vitamin D diseases, bone diseases, endocrine disorders such as Cushing’s syndrome is diagnosed in children with a variety of test and treatment is made according to the results of these tests. Diagnosis and evaluation of endocrine diseases is done with blood test screening. Hormone testing may be required if necessary. All these examinations are requested and applied by specialist pediatric endocrinology doctors in the field.

Pediatric endocrinology is an area that can also solve the problem of short stature. In addition to genetic or nutrient deficiency, short stature can also have causes such as hypothyroidism, Growth Hormone Deficiency, and Cushing’s Syndrome. In addition, pediatric endocrinology is a scientific field that works effectively in lengthening. Children suspected of short stature should be taken to a specialist in pediatric endocrinology. 

Short stature treatment
Short stature treatment also falls within the field of Pediatric Endocrinology. Height elongation is one of the steps of healthy growth. The cause of short stature can be genetic, as well as nutrient deficiency, chronic diseases, thyroid, cushing’s syndrome, growth hormone deficiency, skeletal dysplasia. After examination, bone age determination, various laboratory tests, the causes of short stature are determined and treatment is applied.

Growth hormone therapy
Growth hormone is a hormone that directly affects growth growth. Some children may have problems affecting growth. An increase in height may not be achieved due to a lack of thyroid hormones. It can be called a growth hormone test. Although growth hormone controls the growth of bones, novices, organs, growth hormone is produced in the brain and secreted into the blood. If the pituitary gland does not produce sufficient levels of growth hormone, growth remains slow. Warning tests, IGF-1 tests are applied in relation to this. However, additional examinations may be requested. According to the condition of the child and the results of the examinations, the treatment plan is formed.

Developmental disorders
Children can sometimes have developmental disorders. Developmental disorders are determined by measuring the physical characteristics of the child, such as height, weight, and social and cognitive skills. Poor nutrition, sleep disorders can affect development; irregular secretion of growth hormones can also cause developmental disorders. In developmental disorders, sometimes psychological factors can also be a problem. Apathy also causes developmental disorders in children.

Early life
Early puberty is one of the endocrine problems that has increased significantly all over the world in recent years and affects girls more than boys. Familial predisposition or other causes may play a role in early puberty. In early adolescence, families can carry the anxiety of short stature. Entering puberty at an early age can also affect the mental state of children. Although it is said that there are foods and medications that cause early puberty, there is no medical equivalent. The reasons for the child’s early adolescence should be investigated. Breast development and pubescence of the genitals or armpits before the age of 8 in girls, an increase in testicular volume before the age of 9 in boys, and hair growth of the genitals or armpits are indicated as “early adolescence”. There is also the concept of early puberty. This, in turn, is expressed as menstruation in girls before the age of 10; in boys, puberty symptoms begin at the age of 9, while menstruation is defined as early menstruation before the age of 10. It would be appropriate for families to consult Endocrine specialists instead of using herbal solutions and alternative methods to early puberty.

Obesity
Obesity, which is considered a disease of our time, is also observed in children. Eating habits, almost the end stage of street Games brings with it inactivity, while obesity leads to. According to research, the incidence of obesity in children is between 15-25 percent.

How to tell if a child is obese?
As in adult individuals, obesity in children is determined by The Body Mass Index and the percentile curve. According to this, the child endokinology specialist begins to apply the correct method of treatment.

Pediatric Endocrinology