What are endocrine and metabolic diseases?
The internal glands, the functions of these glands, the hormones they secrete and the diseases of metabolism are the subject of Endocrinology.

Deficiency, excess of hormones secreted by the internal glands, which are the organs of the endocrine system, and tumors of these glands are the subjects of Endocrinology. In addition to these, Diabetes, Obesity, Nutrition and diet, cholesterol and triglyceride (blood fat) levels, uric acid, metabolic syndrome, vitamins (especially vitamin D) and mineral metabolism (especially calcium) and the area of Endocrinology are involved in metabolic diseases such as osteoporosis.

Main endocrinological diseases by endocrine organs and systems;
Pituitary Gland Diseases

Pituitary insufficiency (hypopituitarism)

Prolactin (milk hormone) excess hormone (prolactinoma)

Cortisol hormone excess (CUSHING’S disease)

Growth hormone (GH) excess (acromegaly)

Growth hormone deficiency and short stature (mostly the subject of Pediatric Endocrinology, but sometimes can also be seen in adults)

Diabetes without sugar (diabetes INSIPIDUS)

Diseases Of The Thyroid Gland (Goiter)

Goiter (thyroid gland growth)

Overwork of the thyroid gland ( hyperthyroidism/ toxic goiter)

Less work of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)

Diseases of the thyroid gland with nodules

Inflammatory diseases of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis)

Hashimoto’s disease

Thyroid cancer

Parathyroid Gland Diseases

Excess parathyroid hormone (HYPERPARATHYROID)

Parathyroid hormone deficiency (HYPOPARATHYROID)

Adrenal Gland (Adrenal Or Surrenal) Diseases

Cortisol hormone excess (CUSHING’S syndrome)

Cortisol hormone deficiency (ADDISON’S disease)

Aldosterone hormone excess (hyperaldosteronism / CONN syndrome)

Adrenaline hormone excess (pheochromocytoma)

Ovaries (ovaries) and their diseases

Sexual hormone deficiencies in women (hypogonadism)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (menstruation, weight gain and hair loss)

Pubescence (hirsutism)

Diseases of the testicles and hormones

Testosterone hormone deficiency (hypogonadism)

Breast growth in men (gynecomastia)

Erection problems and impotence (hormonal / testosterone deficiency)

Testicles and penis do not develop and beard does not grow (hypogonadism)


Sugar drops (hypoglycemia)

Insulin resistance syndrome (metabolic syndrome) (obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, sugar elevation…)

Weight problems, especially excess weight (obesity) and nutrition, weight control

Gestational diabetes during pregnancy and thyroid diseases in pregnant women

Bone resorption (osteoporosis)

Diseases related to certain vitamins and minerals (especially vitamin D and calcium metabolism)

High cholesterol and blood fats (triglycerides)

Uric acid height

Endocrinological tumoral diseases (neuroendocrine tumours)

Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases