During diagnosis and treatment, anesthesia is usually performed before surgical operations so that the patient does not feel any pain.

The drugs used to prevent the patient from feeling pain during the procedure are determined and applied by the anesthesia and reanimation specialist. Minimizing some of the negative effects of anesthesia on the human body and ensuring that the patient wakes up after surgery without affecting vital functions is also the most important responsibility of the anesthesiologist.

What are the types of anesthesia?
There are different types of anesthesia in the form of General, regional, local anesthesia and sedation applications.

General anesthesia
A state of temporary loss of consciousness and a decrease in reflex activity without a change in vital functions is called general anesthesia. Causing loss of consciousness, general anesthesia, patient awareness during surgery to prevent pain by eliminating reflex activity inhibit the patient during the surgery and provides comfort, relaxation facilitates the surgical intervention by providing Nov. The purpose of general anesthesia with these effects is to provide appropriate surgical conditions. But in addition, it is the duty of the anesthesiologist to maintain the health and safety of the patient during the operation.

Regional anesthesia
It is used in various operations, mainly in childbirth. In Normal childbirth and cesarean section, spinal epidural anesthesia methods combined with spinal and epidural anesthesia can also be applied. Thanks to these practices, called regional anesthesia, the patient is conscious, but does not feel any pain.

Spinal anesthesia
Although it is mostly used in birth operations, it is preferred in surgical procedures at waist level and below. It is a type of anesthesia that does not feel any pain or pain during a caesarean section and makes it possible for the mother to hold her baby immediately after the birth. Injection is made into the epidural space in the lumbar region, there is a feeling of lethargy from under the chest, and the patient does not feel pain and pain. At birth, the mother can hold her baby unconscious.

Epidural anesthesia
In this type of anesthesia, numbness is achieved by injecting the epidural interval with a thin tube called a catheter, and the pain sensation is completely suppressed within about 15 minutes. It is also used to prevent labor pains from being felt. It is also used in Normal delivery and cesarean delivery.

Combined spinal epidural anesthesia
Both anesthesia methods are applied together. Epidural anesthesia is performed first with spinal injection and then with the help of a catheter. Again, this is a method often preferred by expectant mothers. Since the mother is conscious again after birth, she can hold her baby painlessly and painlessly.

The patient’s doctor, anesthesiologist and the patient themselves decide together which of these anesthesia methods to choose.

Local anesthesia
It is often confused with regional anesthesia. During tooth extraction, circumcision, various dermatological procedures and aesthetic interventions, only the area where the procedure will be performed is numbed with various anesthetic drugs.

Anesthesia application can be applied by doctors who have trained in anesthesia and reanimation expertise on medical education. Anesthesia technicians and anesthesia nurses, who are trained to assist anesthesiologists throughout the operation, are also a very important part of the team.

What is the anesthesia process like? Is there a risk of anesthesia?
Patients are usually given an oral drug called “premedication” to make them more comfortable in the operating room. A patient taken to the operating room first opens a vein. The patient is then monitored to monitor their vital functions such as heart, breathing and blood pressure. After these preparations, for general anesthesia, only special drugs under the authority of the anesthesiologist are administered to the patient through the inserted serum. A special tube is inserted into the windpipe for respiratory continuity and safety. After the safe depth of anesthesia is provided, the operation can be started with the permission of the anesthesiologist. The continuity of anesthesia is ensured by the joint or separate administration of drugs given through the respiratory tract and vein. After the end of the operation, the anesthetic drugs used are terminated and the patient is awakened and taken to the waking room under the supervision of anesthesiologist. Here, the patient is heated, pain is relieved, nausea and vomiting measures are taken and sent to his room comfortably.

Anesthesia and Reanimation